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COCHRANE CORNER Early additional food and fluids for healthy breastfed full-term infants


Sarah Chapman

Knowledge Broker at Cochrane UK

 (November 2016)


The current international recommendation (World Health Organization (WHO) 2011) is that healthy infants should be exclusively breastfed, where possible, for the first six months of life. In practice, many breastfed infants are given other fluids and/or food before that age but, is there good evidence to show whether there are benefits to this, or whether it could be harmful? Smith HA and Becker GE (2016). ‘Early additional food and fluids for healthy breastfed full-term infants’. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 8: CD006462
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COCHRANE CORNER Cardiotocography versus intermittent auscultation of fetal heart on admission to labour ward for assessment of fetal wellbeing.


Professor Declan Devane, Chair of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, National University of Ireland, Galway

 (June 2016)


The aim of this column is to highlight Cochrane Systematic Reviews of relevance to pregnancy and childbirth and to stimulate discussion on the relevance and implications of the review for practice. The Cochrane Collaboration is an international organisation which prepares and maintains high quality systematic reviews to help people make well informed decisions about healthcare and health policy. A systematic review tries to search for, appraise and synthesise existing research to answer a specific research question. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is published monthly online. Residents in countries with a national license to The Cochrane Library, including the UK and Ireland, can access the Cochrane Library online free through www.thecochranelibrary.com Assessment of fetal wellbeing is a fundamental component of the care midwives and obstetricians provide. It is important, therefore, that we are aware of the effectiveness of the interventions we use to assess fetal wellbeing. For this reason, this month I've chosen to highlight a Cochrane systematic review from the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, which was published in Issue 2 of 2012 of the CDSR. This review by my colleagues and I (Devane et al 2012) assessed the effect of the admission cardiotocography (CTG) with intermittent auscultation on maternal and neonatal outcomes.
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COCHRANE CORNER Antibiotics for meconium-stained amniotic fluid in labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infections


Dr Valerie Smith, lecturer in midwifery at Trinity College, Dublin

 (June 2016)


Valerie Smith highlights a Cochrane systematic review by Siriwachirachai et al which was published in Issue 11 of 2014 of the CDSR. The aim of this bi-monthly column is to highlight Cochrane Systematic Reviews of relevance to pregnancy and childbirth and to stimulate discussion on the relevance and implications of the review for practice. The Cochrane Collaboration is an international organisation that prepares and maintains high quality systematic reviews to help people make well-informed decisions about healthcare and health policy. A systematic review tries to search for, appraise and bring together existing research to answer a specific research question. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is published monthly online. Residents in countries with a national license to The Cochrane Library, including the UK and Ireland, can access the Cochrane Library online, free of charge, through www.thecochranelibrary.com
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COCHRANE CORNER Inhaled analgesia for pain management in labour


Professor Declan Devane, Chair of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, National University of Ireland, Galway

 (June 2016)


Inhaled analgesia, and in particular nitrous oxide, is a common pain relief option for women during labour across many developed countries (Rooks 2007). It is important that midwives have a thorough understanding of the benefits and harms of different methods that women might choose to manage their labour. Therefore, this month’s commentary highlights a Cochrane systematic review by Klomp et al (2012), which examined the effectiveness and safety of inhaled analgesia for pain relief in labour for women planning a vaginal delivery. This review was published by the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group in Issue 9 of 2012 of the CDSR.
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COCHRANE CORNER Dietary supplements for preventing postnatal depression


Valerie Smith, lecturer in midwifery and post doctoral midwifery research fellow at Trinity College, Dublin

 (June 2016)


The aim of this article is to highlight Cochrane Systematic Reviews of relevance to pregnancy and childbirth and to stimulate discussion on the relevance and implications of the review for practice. The Cochrane Collaboration is an international organisation that prepares and maintains high quality systematic reviews to help people make well-informed decisions about healthcare and health policy. A systematic review tries to search for, appraise and bring together existing research to answer a specific research question. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is published monthly online. Residents in countries with a national licence to The Cochrane Library, including the UK and Ireland, can access the Cochrane Library online, free of charge, through www.thecochranelibrary.com
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COCHRANE CORNER Early versus late initiation of epidural analgesia for labour


Valerie Smith, lecturer in midwifery at Trinity College, Dublin

 (June 2016)


This month Valerie Smith highlights a Cochrane systematic review by Sng et al which was published in Issue 10 of 2014 of the CDSR.
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COCHRANE CORNER Midwife-led continuity models versus other models of care for childbearing women    


Sarah Chapman

Knowledge broker at Cochrane UK

 (March 2016)


Sandall J, Soltani H, Gates S et al (2015). 'Midwife-led continuity models versus other models of care for childbearing women'. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 9: CD004667. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004667.pub4
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COCHRANE CORNER Expert systems for fetal assessment in labour 


Dr Valerie Smith

Lecturer in midwifery at Trinity College Dublin

 (September 2015)


This article discusses a systematic review of the use of 'expert systems' to assess the wellbeing of the baby during labour, and considers the implications for practice. Lutomski et al (2015). Expert systems for fetal assessment in labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4.   
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COCHRANE CORNER Interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding women 


Dr Valerie Smith

Lecturer in midwifery at Trinity College Dublin

 (April 2015)


This article examines the findings of the sytematic review by Dennis et al (2014) of studies on interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding women. CDSR, 12 
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COCHRANE CORNER Antibiotics for meconium-stained amniotic fluid in labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infections


Valerie Smith

Lecturer in midwifery at Trinity College Dublin

 (February 2015)


The aim of this bi-monthly column is to highlight Cochrane Systematic Reviews of relevance to pregnancy and childbirth and to stimulate discussion on the relevance and implications of the review for practice. The Cochrane Collaboration is an international organisation that prepares and maintains high quality systematic reviews to help people make well-informed decisions about healthcare and health policy. A systematic review tries to search for, appraise and bring together existing research to answer a specific research question. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is published monthly online. Residents in countries with a national license to The Cochrane Library, including the UK and Ireland, can access the Cochrane Library online, free of charge, through www.thecochranelibrary.com
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COCHRANE CORNER Early versus late initiation of epidural analgesia for labour


Valerie Smith is a lecturer in midwifery at Trinity College Dublin

 (December 2014)


Sng BL, Leong WL, Zeng Y et al. (2014). 'Early versus late initiation of epidural analgesia for labour'. CDSR, 10:CD007238.  The aim of this bi-monthly column is to highlight Cochrane Systematic Reviews of relevance to pregnancy and childbirth and to stimulate discussion on the relevance and implications of the review for practice. The Cochrane Collaboration is an international organisation that prepares and maintains high quality systematic reviews to help people make well-informed decisions about healthcare and health policy. A systematic review tries to search for, appraise and bring together existing research to answer a specific research question. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is published monthly online. Residents in countries with a national license to The Cochrane Library, including the UK and Ireland, can access the Cochrane Library online, free of charge, through www.thecochranelibrary.com
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COCHRANE CORNER Treatments for breast engorgement during lactation


Dr Valerie Smith

lecturer in midwifery at Trinity College Dublin

 (October 2014)


The aim of this bi-monthly column is to highlight Cochrane Systematic Reviews of relevance to pregnancy and childbirth and to stimulate discussion on the relevance and implications of the review for practice. The Cochrane Collaboration is an international organisation that prepares and maintains high quality systematic reviews to help people make well-informed decisions about healthcare and health policy. A systematic review tries to search for, appraise and bring together existing research to answer a specific research question. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is published monthly online. Residents in countries with a national license to The Cochrane Library, including the UK and Ireland, can access the Cochrane Library online, free of charge, through www.thecochranelibrary.com
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COCHRANE CORNER Education for contraceptive use by women after childbirth


Dr Valerie Smith

Lecturer in midwifery at Trinity College Dublin

 (July 2014)


The aim of this bi-monthly column is to highlight Cochrane Systematic Reviews of relevance to pregnancy and childbirth and to stimulate discussion on the relevance and implications of the review for practice. The Cochrane Collaboration is an international organisation that prepares and maintains high quality systematic reviews to help people make well-informed decisions about health care and health policy. A systematic review tries to search for, appraise and bring together existing research to answer a specific research question. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is published monthly online. Residents in countries with a national license to The Cochrane Library, including the UK and Ireland, can access the Cochrane Library online free of charge through www.thecochranelibrary.com. This month we highlight a Cochrane systematic review by Lopez et al on education for contraceptive use by women after childbirth, which was published in issue 8 of 2012 of the CDSR.
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COCHRANE CORNER Massage for promoting mental and physical health in infants under six months


Dr Valerie Smith

Lecturer in midwifery and post doctoral midwifery research fellow at Trinity College Dublin

 (May 2014)


The aim of this bi-monthly column is to highlight Cochrane Systematic Reviews of relevance to pregnancy and childbirth and to stimulate discussion on the relevance and implications of the review for practice. The Cochrane Collaboration is an international organisation that prepares and maintains high quality systematic reviews to help people make well-informed decisions about healthcare and health policy. A systematic review tries to search for, appraise and bring together existing research to answer a specific research question. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is published monthly online. Residents in countries with a national licence to The Cochrane Library, including the UK and Ireland, can access the Cochrane Library online, free of charge, through www.thecochranelibrary.com This month we highlight a Cochrane systematic review on massage for promoting mental and physical health in typically developing infants under the age of six months by Bennett et al, which was published in Issue 4 of 2013 of the CDSR.
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